eGSIM

A Python library and web application to select and test Ground Motion models. Online at: https://egsim.gfz-potsdam.de

2
contributors

What eGSIM can do for you

eGSIM is a web service for selecting and testing ground shaking models (GSIM) in Europe, developed by the GFZ in the framework of the Thematic Core Services for Seismology of EPOS under the umbrella of EFEHR

The web portal (and API documentation) is available at:

https://egsim.gfz-potsdam.de

Citation

Zaccarelli, Riccardo; Weatherill, Graeme (2020): eGSIM - a Python library and web application to select and test Ground Motion models. GFZ Data Services. https://doi.org/10.5880/GFZ.2.6.2023.007

Table of contents

DISCLAIMER: This document does not cover the server installation of the web app, which is publicly available at the URL above. Here you can find instructions on:

  • How to install eGSIM as local Python library (import egsim.smtk in your code)
  • (For developers and contributors) How to install the Django app locally for testing, features addition, maintenance

Installation

Requirements

sudo apt-get update # pre-requisite
sudo apt-get install gcc  # optional
sudo apt-get install git python3-venv python3-pip python3-dev

(The command above are Ubuntu specific, in macOS install brew and type brew install instead of apt-get install. Remove python3-dev as it does not exist on macOS).

This web service uses a specific version of Python (Open setup.py and check python_requires=. As of January 2022, it's >=3.11) which you must install in addition to the Python version required by your system, and use it. Any command python3 hereafter will refer to the required Python version.

Clone repository

Select a root directory (e.g. /root/path/to/egsim), and clone egsim into the so-called egsim directory:

git clone https://github.com/rizac/eGSIM.git egsim

Create and activate Python virtual env

Move to whatever directory you want (usually the egsim directory above) and then:

python3 -m venv .env/<ENVNAME>  # create python virtual environment (venv)
source .env/<ENVNAME>/bin/activate  # activate venv

NOTE: From now on, all following operations must have the virtualenv activated FIRST

Install

Assuming you are in the egsim directory with a virtualenv :

source .env/<ENVNAME>/bin/activate
pip install -r ./requirements.txt

eGSIM as local library

If you want to use eGSIM locally using the strong motion toolkit package only (from egsim.smtk import ... in your code):

source .env/<ENVNAME>/bin/activate
pip install -r ./requirements.lib.txt

Run tests

(remember to pip install pytest first)

pytest -vvv ./tests/smtk

Run Test

(web app tests. For testing the library only, see above)

Note: the value of DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE in the examples below must be changed in production

Move in the egsim directory and type:

export DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE=egsim.settings_debug; pytest -xvvv ./tests/

(x=stop at first error, v*=increase verbosity).

with coverage report:

export DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE=egsim.settings_debug; pytest --cov=egsim --cov-report=html -xvvv ./tests/
  • Run
    • Edit Configurations
      • Python tests

And then under Environment variables: add:

DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE=egsim.settings_debug

(type several env vars separated by ;)

Usage

Note: the value of DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE in the examples below must be changed in production

If you didn't do already, perform a Complete DB reset (one-time only operation)

If you want to access the admin panel, see the admin panel.

To run the program in your local browser, type:

export DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE="egsim.settings_debug";python manage.py runserver 
  • Run
    • Edit Configurations
      • Add new configuration

then under Run:

  • between script and module (should be a combo box) choose script, and in the next text field put manage.py
  • script parameters: runserver
  • And then under Environment variables: add: DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE=egsim.settings_debug (type several env vars separated by ;)

You should see in the Services tab appearing the script name, so you can run / debug it normally

Packages upgrade

source .env/<ENVNAME>/bin/activate
pip install --upgrade pip setuptools

Install OpenQuake (recommended way. If this does not work, you can skip this and go to the next step, which installs the last supported OpenQuake version, see setup.py):

pip install -r "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/gem/oq-engine/master/requirements-py311-macos_x86_64.txt"
# pip install -r "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/gem/oq-engine/master/requirements-py311-linux64.txt"

Install eGSIM library

pip install -e . && pip freeze >./requirements.lib.txt && pip install pytest

Check that tests are running:

pytest -vvv ./tests/smtk

install eGSIM web app:

pip install ".[web]"
pip freeze > ./requirements.txt

Run tests:

export DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE=egsim.settings_debug; pytest -xvvv ./tests/

Change setup.py and set the current OpenQuake version (optional: remove egsim from requirements.txt (it might interfere with Django web?), eventually commit and push

Django

  • Settings file: A Django settings file contains all the configuration of your Django installation. The settings file referred in this document, included in this git repo, is for debug and local deployment only. On production, a separate settings file is used, located on the server outside the git repo and not shared for security reasons.

  • manage.py or django-admin is Django’s command-line utility for administrative tasks. It is invoked from the terminal within your Python virtualenv (see examples in this document) by providing the settings file via:

    export DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE=<settings_file_path> python manage.py <command>
    

    Django allows also the implementation of custom management commands. eGSIM implements egsim-init in order to populate the db (more details below)

  • app a Django app is a Python package that is specifically intended for use in a Django project. An application may use common Django conventions, such as having models, tests, urls, and views submodules. In our case, the Django project is the egsim root directory (created with the command django-admin startproject egsim), and the Django apps inside it are "api" (the core web API) and "app" (the web app, i.e. the part of eGSIM delivered over the Internet through a browser interface), that relies on the "api" code. Inside the settings file (variable INSTALLED_APPS) is configured the list of all applications that are enabled in the eGSIM project. This includes not only our "api" app, that tells Django to create the eGISM tables when initializing the database, but also several builtin Django apps, e.g. the Django admin app, visible through the Admin panel.

Starting a Python terminal shell

Note: the value of DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE in the examples below must be changed in production

Typing python on the terminal does not work as one needs to initialize Django settings. The Django shell command does this:

export DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE="egsim.settings_debug";python manage.py shell 

Complete DB reset

Note: the value of DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE in the examples below must be changed in production

We perform a complete DB reset every time we change something in the Database schema (see egsim.api.models.py), e.g. a table, a column, a constraint.

The usual way to change a DB in a web app is to create and run migrations (full details here), which allow to keep track of all changes (moving back and forth if necessary) whilst preserving the data stored in the DB. However, none of those features is required in eGSIM: DB data is predefined and would be regenerated from scratch in any case after any new migration. Consequently, upon changes in the DB, a complete DB reset is an easier procedure.

In any case (just for reference), the steps to create and run migrations in eGSIM are the following:

export DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE="egsim.settings_debug";python manage.py makemigrations egsim --name <migration_name>
export DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE="egsim.settings_debug";python manage.py migrate egsim

And then repopulate the db:

export DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE="egsim.settings_debug";python manage.py egsim_init

Notes:

  • The make_migration command just generates a migration file, it doesn't change the db. The migrate command does that, by means of the migration files generated. For details on Django migrations, see:
  • <migration_name> will be a suffix appended to the migration file, use it like you would use a commit message in git).
  • When running migrate, if the migration will introduce new non-nullable fields, maybe better to run manage.py flush first to empty all tables, to avoid conflicts "egsim" above is the app name. If you omit the app, all apps will be migrated. The command migrate does nothing if it detects that there is nothing to migrate

To perform a complete db reset:

  • delete or rename the database of the settings file used and all migration files. In dev mode they are:
    • egsim/db.sqlite3
    • egsim/api/migrations/0001_initial.py (there should be only one. If there are others, delete all of them)
  • Execute:
    export DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE="egsim.settings_debug";python manage.py makemigrations && python manage.py migrate && python manage.py egsim_init
    
  • git add the newly created migration file (in dev mode it's egsim/api/migrations/0001_initial.py)
  • [Optional] re-add the Django admin superuser(s) as explained in the admin panel

Notes:

  • Commands explanation:
    • makemigrations creates the necessary migration file(s) from Python code and existing migration file(s)
    • migrate re-create the DB via the generated migration file(s)
    • egsim_init repopulates the db with eGSIM data

Re-populating the DB

We repopulate the DB when its schema has not changed but its data needs to, e.g., OpenQuake is upgraded, or new data is implemented (new regionalization or flatfile), or a bug in the code has been fixed. The operations are similar but simpler than a complete Db Rest:

  • delete or rename the database of the settings file used:
    • egsim/db.sqlite3
  • Execute:
    export DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE="egsim.settings_debug";python manage.py migrate && python manage.py egsim_init
    
  • [Optional] most likely (not tested, please check) you need to re-add the Django admin superuser(s) as explained in the admin panel

Admin panel

Note: the value of DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE in the examples below must be changed in production

This command allows the user to check database data from the web browser. For further details, check the Django doc

The database must have been created and populated (see Usage).

Create a superuser (to be done once only ):

export DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE="egsim.settings_debug";python manage.py createsuperuser

and follow the instructions.

Start the program (see Usage) and then navigate in the browser to [SITE_URL]/admin (in development mode, http://127.0.0.1:8000/admin/)

Note: Theoretically, you can modify db data from the browser, e.g., hide some model, regionalization or predefined flatfile. Persistent changes should be implemented in Python code and then run a Complete DB reset

Create a custom management command

See egsim/api/management/commands/README.md.

The next two sections will describe how to store new data (regionalizations and flatfiles) that will be made available in eGSIM with the egsim_init command (see Complete DB reset for details)

Add new predefined flatfiles

  • Add the file (CSV or zipped CSV) in managements/commands/data/flatfiles. If the file is too big try to zip it. If it is more than few tens of Mb, then do not commit it (explain in the section details - see below - how to get the source file). When zipping in macOS you will probably need to exclude or remove (after zipping) the MACOSX folder~~

  • Implement a new FlatfileParser class in management/commands/flatfile_parsers. Take another parser, copy it and follow instructions. The parser goal is to read the file and convert it into a harmonized HDF table

  • Add binding file -> parser in the Python dict: management.commands._egsim_flatfiles.Command.PARSER

  • (Optional) Add the file refs in management/commands/data/references.yaml, e.g. reference, url, the file name that will be used in the API (if missing, defaults to the file name without extension)

  • Repopulate all eGSIM tables (command egsim_init)

Implemented flatfiles sources (click on the items below to expand)

  • Go to https://esm.mi.ingv.it//flatfile-2018/flatfile.php (with username and password, you must be registered beforehand it's relatively fast and simple)

  • Download ESM_flatfile_2018.zip, uncompress and extract ESM_flatfile_SA.csv from there

  • ESM_flatfile_SA.csv is our raw flatfile, compress it again (it's big) into this directory as ESM_flatfile_2018_SA.zip

  • If on macOS, type the command above to remove the macOS folder from the zip

Add new regionalization

  • Add two files with the same basename and extensions in managements/commands/data/regionalization_files:

    • .geojson (regionalization, aka regions collection) and
    • .json (region -> gsim mapping)

    See already implemented files for an example

  • (Optional) Add the file refs in management/commands/data/references.yaml, e.g. reference, url, the file name that will be used in the API (if missing, defaults to the file name without extension)

  • Repopulate all eGSIM tables (command egsim_init)

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Programming languages
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  • CSS 1%
License
  • AGPL-3.0-only
</>Source code

Contributors

RZ
Riccardo Zaccarelli
GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Potsdam, Germany
GW
Graeme Weatherill
GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, Potsdam, Germany